TD: 2019 Volume 15
July 2019Editorial comment
- The Ethiopian example: time for taking bold steps in our neck of the woods? / Johann Tempelhoff
- Transdisciplinary relationship between mathematics and accounting / Msizi V. Mkhize
- Heinz Kimmerle’s intercultural philosophy and the quest for epistemic justice / Renate Schepen & Anke Graness
- Impact of social entrepreneurs on community development in the Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality area, South Africa / Russ Ngatse-Ipangui & Maurice O. Dassah
- Into the future: Donkergat Military Training Area and the Langebaan Ramsar site / Jan T. Marx & Ian Liebenberg
- A narrative analysis of barriers encountered by a sample of immigrant entrepreneurs in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa / Justice Muchineripi; Willie Chinyamurindi & Tendai Chimucheka
- Xenophobic violence and criminality in the KwaZulu-Natal townships / Bethuel S. Ngcamu; & Evangelos Mantzaris
- Citizenship education for Lesotho’s context: towards a stable democracy / Rasebate I. Mokotso
- Investigating sexuality education in South African schools: a matter of space, place and culture / Eben Swanepoel & Christa Beyers
- Solid waste management practices in Zimbabwe: a case study of one secondary school / Brenda Chatira-Muchopa; Munyaradzi Chidarikire & Kudzayi S. Tarisayi
- Views from the margins: Theorising the experiences of black working-class students in academic development in a historically white South African university / Mlamuli N. Hlatshwayo & Kehdinga G. Fomunyam
- Exploring the quality of Grade 12 accounting education textbooks / Jabulisile Ngwenya & Orhe Arek-Bawa
- Investigating career guidance implementation between historically advantaged and disadvantaged schools / Petronella Jonck & Eben Swanepoel
- The feasibility of electronic voting technologies in Africa: selected case examples / Kealeboga J. Maphunye
- Assessing the role of civil society in poverty alleviation: a case study of Amathole district in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa / Xolisile G. Ngumbela & Thozamile R. Mle
- Consequences of (un)regulated party funding in South Africa between 1994 and 2017 / Kealeboga J. Maphunye & Kgobalale N. Motubatse
- Understanding the impact of financial sustainability on South African municipalities / Abe Mbulawa
- The financial sustainability challenges facing the South African non-profit sector / Mmabatho Maboya & Tracey McKay
- The role of Parliament in promoting active citizenship in relation to the Grade 11 Life Orientation in the South African curriculum / Agnetha Arendse & Juliana Smith
- Towards strengthening collaboration between district and local municipalities in South Africa: insights from Ehlanzeni District Municipality / Douglas N. Magagula; Ricky M. Mukonza; Rasodi K. Manyaka & Kabelo B. Moeti
- The Moravian heritage of community musicking / Devandre Boonzaaier & Alethea C. de Villiers
- A reflection on the role, potential and challenges of transdisciplinarity at the University of Fort Hare / Chene E. Ward; Nomzamo Dube; Siphamandla Nyambo & Christopher T. Chawatama
- The Expanded Public Works Programme: perspectives of direct beneficiaries / Hlatshwayo, MS
- The impact of collaborative strategies on disaster risk reduction in Zimbabwe dairy supply chains in 2016 / Chari, F & Ngcamu, BS
- The San values of conflict prevention and avoidance in Platfontein / Mollema, N
- Transition from growth point policy to liberal urban development in Zimbabwe: the emergence of Ruwa Town, 1980–1991 / Nyandoro, M & Muzorewa, TT
- Using systems thinking to conceptually link the monitoring and evaluation function within development interventions and public policy / Wotela, K
- Climate wars and fat wars: a new role for law / Kroeze, IJ
- Shifting boundaries of racial space in post-apartheid South Africa: the case of Afrikaner youth in East London / Ntombana, L & Bubulu, T
- The effects of leadership traits on transformation: a case study of a South African university / Ngcamu, BS
- Roux, A.P.J. & De Beer, C.S. 2016. On the way to the best possible science: an intellectual travel guide [Book review] / Wessels, JS
The Ethiopian example: Time for taking bold steps in our neck of the woods?
The iconic status of Ethiopia in Africa is well deserved. With the exception of two short botched attempts by Italy to colonise its ‘share of a European share of Africa’, the country was never colonised by Europe or any other state. Ethiopia is the most mountainous country in Africa – home to more than 80% of the continent’s elevations above sea level. Perhaps its geographical setting played a role in the preservation of a unique social ecological space where indigenous ethnicity and environmental biodiversity have prevailed on a continent that is still scarred by the legacy of colonialism.
Ethiopia is a slumbering giant. Since the start of the new millennium, its economy has taken off. There have also been signal changes in recent times.
In 2019, a new 43-year-old president, Abiy Ahmed, set about restoring Ethiopia’s relations with Eritrea that had broken down more than two decades ago. In the process of creating an atmosphere of collaboration in East Africa, he won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize. Abiy courageously released political prisoners, revoked repressive laws, promoted an open economy, appointed women in senior leadership positions, recognised human rights and became a leader who listens to Ethiopia’s ethnic and growing urban voices.
The way ahead is littered with obstacles, but there are indications of the political will to seek normalisation at a time when a predominantly rural society is urbanising at a blistering pace (Hagmann & Tronvoll 2019).
There have been notable developments. In 2011, Ethiopia’s government, at the time of the Arab Spring in North Africa and the Middle East, announced that it would start construction work on the $6 billion Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam (GERD). On completion in the 2020s, GERD will be the largest hydropower dam in Africa– paid for by the Ethiopian state. The country was unable to raise the funds on international markets for building the dam, but there is evidence of financial responsibility. In 2017, the then cost of $4.8 made out a decent 5% of the country’s gross domestic product.
The finalisation of the project requires serious negotiations with neighbouring states, Egypt and Sudan. There has to be consensus over the responsible management of the much-valued water of the Blue Nile that has its origins in Northern Ethiopia (Hammond 2013; Lawler 2019; McCann & Blanc 2016; Mengistu 2018)
The country’s phenomenal economic annual growth rate in recent times, along with that of Kenya, has attracted considerable global economic interest in East Africa (Moller 2015, 2016). Ethiopia currently remains amongst the fastest growing states of the world. What can we learn from Ethiopia’s example? And what does it have to do with Southern Africa?
The world’s leading medical and pharmaceutical researchers, along with a plethora of specialists in other fields, have now embarked on exploring the human genome on the African continent. Africa has the greatest human genome diversity on the planet. Securing African data implies that people of African descent will have access to medical and especially medicinal treatment. It will also contribute to our growing global knowledge of health.
Most of the research – especially in the uncertain fields where science may have no knowledge – corresponds to substantial international and current transdisciplinary research (Bentley, Callier & Rotimi 2019:179–186). The medical world knows much about natural science. African data can now be incorporated into a knowledge system based on Northern Hemisphere science breakthroughs since the 20th century. It is of global relevance.
However, when it comes to understanding indigenous culture, and the need to ethically determine a responsible ethical strategy for generating knowledge that is from the freebooting harvesting of valuable data generated in Africa, there need to be firm ethical principles. The free market has to be disciplined, but not obstructed. African humanists and social scientists have their work cut out for them. Natural scientists may value collaborating with them.
Theoretical and methodological experts in the humanities and social science disciplines have to start (or continue) with an internalisation and re-invention process that can pave the way for a better global understanding of African and universal knowledge.
In Southern Africa, we have allowed under-development to proliferate and undermine societies. Think about South Africa, Mozambique, Angola and Zimbabwe as examples. It is time to engage more closely with Ethiopia, and the likes, if we want to make headway. In the fields of multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary research, a considerable amount of work needs to be done. We need to promote benign migration, although temporary, from silos of existing knowledge, even though it does not correspond exactly to the demand for much-needed African knowledge to feed into global academic wisdom.
In this volume of the Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa (TD), there are two important contributions worth mentioning. In the first article, Mkhize (2019) combines mathematics and accounting – a field explored some time ago at the University of Pretoria and University of South Africa (Rehwinkel & Gouws 2015). Now the focus has shifted to using transdisciplinarity to integrate maths and accounting at undergraduate level. It is a field deserving of further exploration. The research is commended.
In the second article, Schepen and Graness (2019) write on Kimmerle’s intercultural philosophy and the quest for epistemic justice. There is a call for greater awareness on (in) justice. Not only African but also feminist and gender voices have to be added to philosophical discourses. There is a rich African field ready to be harvested, if only adventurous philosophers would take up the challenge.
The remaining articles are sound, peer-reviewed, empirical studies, reporting on matters of real life. They are innovative and they explore spaces of thinking we have yet to ponder. These contributions are valuable. They add to our existing knowledge. Most praiseworthy is the growing contribution of articles in the field of education. We need more, also from other disciplinary fields.
However, we need more ground-breaking knowledge. We also need a pronounced inter-, multi- and transdisciplinary methodological discourse in TD articles. The sooner we start sharing methodologies with our peers on the how and why of research beyond conventional disciplines, the better it is for all. We need to become more sensitive and embrace methods and theories in a variety of disciplines, as well as the special empirical circumstances under which we conduct research, especially in Africa.
Only by reporting on a research-finding platform such as TD, will it be possible for us to make a contribution towards knowledge and grassroots savvy. We take pride in the offerings of our authors in this edition of the journal.
(AOSIS, 2019)Accounting and mathematics are closely related. There is little mathematics content that a profound relationship exists between mathematics and accounting. There is, however, a limited understanding of the nature of this ...
(AOSIS, 2019)Since the 1990s epistemic (in)justice has been a central issue of post-colonial and feminist studies. But only during the last decade the term has become paradigmatic and new aspects of the issue have been addressed – ...
Impact of social entrepreneurs on community development in the Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality area, South Africa (AOSIS, 2019)Social entrepreneurs are well positioned to tackle socio-economic problems in deprived communities. The impact of social entrepreneurs is becoming important for addressing social challenges and providing innovative, ...
(AOSIS, 2019)Militaries need natural areas for offensive and defensive combat-readiness programmes. Here soldiers, war machinery and munitions are employed to prepare forces to execute warfighting tactics. Integration of environmental ...
A narrative analysis of barriers encountered by a sample of immigrant entrepreneurs in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa (AOSIS, 2019)A growing movement of foreign nationals is settling and starting up businesses in South Africa. Given this fact, there is a need to understand those factors influencing the human capital side of being an immigrant entrepreneur ...
(AOSIS, 2019)This study’s focus on the xenophobic violence in South Africa is topical, mostly concentrating on the economic competition between foreign nationals and local people as a root cause. Whilst the South African government’s ...
(AOSIS, 2019)This article represents a contextual analysis that seeks a lasting solution to Lesotho’s current democratic instability, which has typified its political landscape since independence. This article analyses the literature ...
(AOSIS, 2019)Sexuality education has faced various challenges in being successfully implemented within secondary schools in South Africa. Research points towards barriers thereto, which include teacher bias and limited knowledge as ...
(AOSIS, 2019)The discourse on waste management in general and solid waste management in particular has captured the interest of many scholars. Although there is a plethora of literature on the solid waste management phenomenon globally, ...
Views from the margins: Theorising the experiences of black working-class students in academic development in a historically white South African university (AOSIS, 2019)A significant amount of South African literature on academic development often focuses on the ideological and theoretical shifts that have occurred within the academic development field across different periods in the ...
(AOSIS, 2019)The availability of quality textbooks is one of the critical factors in the enhancement of teaching and learning in accounting. What makes a high-quality textbook depends on the presence of certain characteristics for ...
Investigating career guidance implementation between historically advantaged and disadvantaged schools (AOSIS, 2019)This study examined school learner views on career guidance processes and outcomes contrasting historically advantaged and disadvantaged schools in the Free State province, South Africa. The study comprised 430 learners ...
(AOSIS, 2019)The use of electronic voting technologies (EVTs) presents hurdles to election management bodies (EMBs) and other election stakeholders in Africa. The constitutionality and feasibility of such technologies provoke several ...
Assessing the role of civil society in poverty alleviation: a case study of Amathole district in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa (AOSIS, 2019)The purpose of this study was to conduct an assessment of the role of civil society organisations (CSOs) in poverty alleviation, with a particular focus on three CSOs operating in the Amathole district of the Eastern Cape ...
(AOSIS, 2019)Globally, the topic of political party funding evokes strongly defended positions, partly because of the nasty dynamics that usually arise whenever money and politics cross paths. The primary issue in contention is whether ...
(AOSIS, 2019)This article acknowledges the lack of skills and poor financial governance within South African municipalities but argues that these factors are an insufficient explanation of their increasing fiscal distress, which was ...
(AOSIS, 2019)Non-profit organisations (NPOs) operating in South Africa are financially weak and the sustainability of their organisations is often at risk. Post-2008, large numbers have ceased to operate, in part, because of the weak ...
The role of Parliament in promoting active citizenship in relation to the Grade 11 Life Orientation in the South African curriculum (AOSIS, 2019)The Parliament of the Republic of South Africa plays a pivotal role in promoting active citizenship to ensure the deepening of democracy. This article, as based on the study by Arendse, explored the extent to which Parliament ...
Towards strengthening collaboration between district and local municipalities in South Africa: insights from Ehlanzeni District Municipality (AOSIS, 2019)This article examines the state of collaboration between a district municipality and its local municipalities using Ehlanzeni District Municipality as a case study. This is important because in terms of the Local Government: ...